An Overview of the Montessori Method
More than 100 years ago, Dr. Maria Montessori, Italy’s first female physician, inspired the birth of a worldwide educational movement.
Drawing upon her scientific background and clinical understanding, Dr. Montessori observed how young people learn best when engaged in purposeful activity rather than simply being fed information. She recognized that children’s cognitive growth and development requires the construction of an educational framework that respects individuality and fulfills the needs of the “whole child”.
Montessori’s pioneering work created a blueprint for nurturing all children, from gifted to learning disabled, to become self-motivated, independent, life long learners.
A Brief History
Dr. Montessori first became interested in education while caring for mentally challenged children in a psychiatric clinic in Rome. Her innovative practices, including a combination of sensory rich environments and hands-on techniques soon elicited positive learning behaviours from children previously left behind by society.
Montessori continued shaping her learning model by opening “A Children’s House” in 1907 for impoverished pre-school children. Her philosophy, materials, and practices have spread around the globe and have been implemented in a variety of cultural settings. As more and more schools incorporated core elements of the Montessori model; multi-age classrooms, early childhood education, and prepared environments, her namesake method became widely recognized as being ahead of its time.
What is Montessori?
The hallmark of a Montessori program is the prepared classroom environment. Each classroom is equipped with materials that first teach through the senses and later lead to reading, writing, advanced mathematics, problem solving, geography, science and cultural studies. Visual arts, music and movement are interwoven through out the days’ activities.
Early childhood (3-6 years) classrooms are the most common age range found in Montessori schools. Montessori early childhood programs offer the most comprehensive curriculum for parents who have the goal of preparing their child for elementary school. Nearly everything within the walls of a Montessori classroom is child-sized. Children “work” with Montessori materials including a wide range of high-quality, age-appropriate materials, objects such as wooden blocks, sand trays, textured fabrics, and beads, to name just a few. All of the materials are designed to be self-teaching. Children learn to solve problems, see natural connections in knowledge, learn skills related to practical living, and therefore, expand their imaginative thinking.
Perhaps the hands-on materials, carefully selected and placed on child-height shelves, everything in its place and on view for children to select, is the element that joins Montessori schools together. Materials other than open-ended ones have a control of error built into their design. Children can see and learn from their own mistakes without a teacher pointing out the error. This is one of the many aspects of a Montessori classroom that fosters independence.
Operating on the principle of freedom within limits, Montessori schools inspire children to work at their own pace, alone or with others. Montessori teachers encourage the growth of self-motivated, independent children by balancing active, self-directed learning with small group collaboration and peer teaching. Classes are comprised of a range of ages and abilities. Older, more experienced children take on the role of peer mentors, reinforcing their own skills and experiencing the responsibilities of leadership through helping others. Younger children, in turn, enjoy the daily stimulation of older role models, while children of all ages learn to respect each other in a warm atmosphere of acceptance and joy.
“Education is a natural process carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words, but by experiences in the environment.”
We are a Montessori based Preschool in Edmonton's Ellerslie neighborhood. Our individualized approach to education allows your child to have the opportunity to reach their full potential.
HOURS & INFO
M-F: 8:50am - 3:30pm
Location: 1207-91 Street S.W